Impact on babies and children
Our lungs develop in stages: in the womb, from birth until age three, and then up until adulthood. Because lungs are developing, exposure to air pollution in these stages has a greater impact on children’s health.
There is a strong link between air pollution and the worsening of asthma symptoms; it may also play a part in causing asthma in some people. The more children with asthma are exposed to air pollution, the more they suffer with long-term respiratory symptoms. Higher amounts of air pollutants are associated with more asthma attacks, more hospital admissions and a higher death rate.
Scientists are beginning to study the effects of air pollution on the developing brain but more research is needed.