Empty and unoccupied properties
Most unoccupied properties attract a full council tax charge, whether furnished or not.
Properties that are unoccupied and unfurnished for two years or more may also attract a 100% premium charge.
From the 1 April 2020 it will increase to 200% for those properties that have been empty for over 5 years
From 1 April 2020 under Section 11B of the Local Government Finance Act 1992 as amended by the Local Government Finance Act 2012 and Rating (Property in Common Occupation) and Council Tax (Empty Dwellings) Act 2018 Birmingham City Council has determined that in respect of the whole of area properties that have been unoccupied and substantially unfurnished for 5 years or more will be subject to a 200% premium effective from 1 April 2020. The Council Tax payer will have to pay 300% of the Council Tax charge.
The premium was set at 50% and from 1 April 2019 it increased to 100% for properties empty over two years and to 200% from 1 April 2020 for properties empty over 5 years . This means that if you own a property which has been empty and unfurnished for two years or more, you will be charged an extra 50% up to 31 March 2019 and 100% from 1 April 2019 Council Tax on top of the full Council Tax for the property. Properties empty over five years will attract a 200% charge on top of their Council Tax bill from 1 April 2020.
As this premium applies to the property, a change of ownership or tenancy will not affect the premium. If when you purchased or leased your property it had already been empty and unfurnished for two years or more, you will have to pay the premium Council Tax charge. The additional charge can only be removed by bringing your property back into use. If you bring your property back into use then go on the link below to notify us of this change. We will need to know your reference number and the date of occupation. We will then arrange for a visit to your property to confirm the information you have provided.
Adult social care precept
Birmingham City Council has added a precept of 2% to Council Tax bills to help it meet the cost of providing adult social care. Further details can be found in the Budget for Birmingham document.
There are a number of special circumstances in which a full exemption can be given. These are listed below:
Unoccupied property owned by a charity (Class B)
A property owned by a charity is exempt for up to 6 months if when last occupied it was used for the purposes of the charity.
Property left empty by a person in detention (Class D)
An unoccupied property is exempt if the owner or tenant is detained in prison, a hospital or some other place of detention, unless they were imprisoned for non-payment of council tax or a fine.
Property left empty by someone living in a hospital or care home (Class E)
An unoccupied property is exempt if it was previously the sole or main home of the owner or tenant and their main home is now a hospital, care home or hostel where they are receiving treatment.
Property unoccupied because the owner or tenant has died (Class F)
Where a property is left unoccupied following the death of the owner or tenant, an exemption can be granted until probate is granted or letters of administration are obtained, and for up to six months afterwards if it remains unoccupied.
However, if someone else has a legal interest in the property, the exemption will not apply and a full charge will be payable.
Property where occupation is prohibited by law (Class G)
An unoccupied property is exempt if it cannot be occupied by law, for instance where a compulsory purchase order has been made. However, if someone occupies a property despite such a prohibition, they will be liable for an occupied council tax charge.
Property left unoccupied for a minister of religion (Class H)
An unoccupied property is exempt if held available for a minister of religion as somewhere from where they will perform their duties, for example a vicarage. This applies whether or not it was used for such a purpose previously.
Property left empty by someone needing personal care (Class I)
An unoccupied property is exempt if it was previously the sole or main home of the owner or tenant and they have since gone to live elsewhere to receive care due to old age, disablement, past or present alcohol or drug dependence, or past or present mental disorder. This includes people being looked after by relatives, and those in institutions that would not give rise to an exemption under Class E above.
Property left empty by a person providing personal care (Class J)
An unoccupied property is exempt if it was previously the sole or main home of the owner or tenant and they have since gone to live elsewhere to provide care to someone who requires care due to old age, disablement, past or present alcohol or drug dependence, or past or present mental disorder. They do not need to live with the person being cared for, but they must be better able to look after them from their new home.
Property left unoccupied by a student owner (Class K)
This exemption applies where a property was previously the sole or main home of a student who has moved elsewhere and no-one other than students was living there.
Unoccupied property repossessed by a mortgagee (Class L)
An unoccupied property is exempt if it has been repossessed by a mortgage company and has not yet been sold.
Unoccupied property where the liable person is a trustee in bankruptcy (Class Q)
An unoccupied property is exempt if the person liable is a trustee in bankruptcy. This can be the Official Receiver (OR) or an insolvency practitioner (IP). The exemption will continue until the property is sold, or the trustee disclaims any interest in the property.
Unoccupied caravan pitch or boat mooring (Class R)
Council tax is charged on a pitch occupied by a caravan or a mooring occupied by a boat if it is someone’s sole or main home. A pitch or mooring not occupied by a caravan or boat is exempt.
Unoccupied annexes (Class T)
This exemption applies to an unoccupied annexe that cannot be let separately from the main part of the property without breaching planning control.