These pages contain demographics and data relating to the health and wellbeing of the citizens of Birmingham at citywide and smaller local area levels. Birmingham’s health and social care organisations use a locality model to deliver services across the city. Birmingham has 5 localities each made up of 2 constituencies. These are:
- Central: Hall Green and Selly Oak constituencies
- East: Hodge Hill and Yardley constituencies
- North: Erdington and Sutton Coldfield constituencies
- South: Edgbaston and Northfield constituencies
- West: Ladywood and Perry Barr constituencies.
There is a variety of information available on each local area, including population, age, employment and health. These profiles allow commissioners and planners to identify health and social care needs in their local area and work with Public Health to develop evidence-based priorities to improve health and wellbeing and reduce inequalities.
Birmingham has a younger population, a more diverse background and higher than average levels of deprivation compared to the rest of England.
- Total population of Birmingham is 1,137,150 people (2017). 40% of the population are aged between 0 to 25 years, 13% of the population are over 65.
- 40% of Birmingham’s population live in the most deprived decile areas in England (IMD2015).
- The 2011 census showed that 42.1% of the Birmingham’s population are made up of BAME groups (15% England).
- Life expectancy in Birmingham is lower than the national average. For males life expectancy at birth is 77.2 years (England 79.5) and females 81.9 years (England 83.1).
- Infant mortality is an area of concern: the rate was 7.5 per 1,000 live births during 2013 to 2015; this compares to 3.9 nationally.
- Less than 1% of supported working age adults with a learning disability are in paid employment compared to 6% nationally (2016-17).
- Hospital admissions for those aged 65+ years relating to mental health have increased by 25% since 2013.
- Birmingham ranks 17th out of 326 English local authorities for fuel poverty (high energy costs, low income).