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Birmingham City Council

An Introduction To Birmingham's Archaeology



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Birmingham has a wealth of archaeological remains of its past. These consist of structures and objects ranging from 500,000 years-old stone axes to 20th century buildings.

They include:

  • Bronze Age burnt mounds; Roman roads, farms, pottery
    kilns and a fort.

  • Medieval timber and stone buildings and moats; and mills,
    houses, and industrial structures and products from
    more recent times.

  • There are above and below ground remains which survive
    as complete, fragmentary or ruined buildings, earthworks
    and structures discovered by survey, excavation and chance
    exposure; and objects found in excavation, or by systematic
    walking over ploughed fields, or by chance.

The Importance of these Remains to Birmingham

Archaeological remains contribute to the City's present and future character and distinctiveness. They are an educational, recreational and promotional asset. The City's archaeology is, however, a finite and non-renewable resource which is vulnerable to damage or even complete destruction through new development or inappropriate management. The Council takes very seriously its responsibility to safeguard Birmingham's archaeological remains for this and future generations.

Raising Awareness of Birmingham's Archaeology

We work hard to raise public awareness of Birmingham's archaeology through press releases, leaflets, exhibitions, talks and guided site tours. Some archaeological work in Birmingham has attracted radio and television coverage, such as excavations at Birmingham's Roman Fort (Metchley) and excavations in the city centre as part of the Bullring redevelopment.

Reaching a National Audience

Excavations by Channel 4's "Time Team" at the Soho Manufactory site brought the city's industrial archaeology to a national audience. Leaflets and information boards have also been provided for some sites, paid for by developers through agreements made with the Council for new development. Developers have themselves benefited from publicity arising from archaeological work carried out as part of their development project.

More Information On...

 Prehistoric Birmingham

How the Prehistoric periods (Up to AD43) are represented in Birmingham


Roman Birmingham

Discovering Roman settlements in Birmingham (AD43-410)



Medieval Birmingham

Evidence for the Anglo-Saxon and Medieval period (AD410-1550) in Birmingham




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Last Updated : 15th October 2012