Chronology of Birmingham 1883 - 1950
1883 - King Edward VI High School for Girls, New Street, opened.
1885 - October Statue of Sir Josiah Mason erected outside Mason Science College.
1887 - 22nd January - Will of Mr.W.Middlemore, leaving ,200 to religious institutions, medical charities and public objects.
23rd March - Queen Victoria, with Princess Henry of Battenburg, lays foundation stone of new Birmingham Assize Court.
1888 - October Jubilee of Corporation. P.H.Moore (only surviving member of the first Town Council) is given freedom of the city.
1889 - Birmingham Mail Christmas Tree Fund established.
Ansells become a Limited Company.
Re-building of the Old Crown, Broad Street.
14th January - Birmingham became a city. Letters patent granting Royal Charter Conferring title of "city".
March Foundation stone of new Post Office laid.
27th March - Death of John Bright.
3rd April - City Arms granted by College of Arms.
12th May - Death of John Cadbury.
11th July - Shah of Persia visited Birmingham.
12th August - Bill confirming Birmingham Electric Lighting Order receives Royal assent.
December - Birmingham Electric Supply Co. formed
1890 - 10th April Inaugural dinner of Liberal Unionist Club - speech by Joseph Chamberlain.
July - First electric tram runs on Bristol Road.
11th August - Death of Cardinal John Henry Newman.
September - Completion of first municipal houses, in Ryder Street.
7th November - Muntz Trust founded by the executors of the deed of George Frederick Muntz of Umberslade - intended for medical and surgical Charities.
23rd December -New Post Office opened.
1891 -19th January - First Municipal Technical School, at Midland Institute.
12th July - Victoria Law Courts opened by Prince & Princess of Wales.
9th November - Boundary extension to include parts of Harborne, Balsall Heath, Saltley and Little Bromwich/Ward End.
1892 -12th August - Archdeaconry of Birmingham approved by the Queen.
1894 -11th July - Opening of new Technical School, Whitehead Road, Aston.
8th September - Foundation Stone of General Hospital, Steelhouse Lane laid by Duke & Duchess of York.
1895 - "The People's Hall", Hurst Street opened.
13th December - New Technical School, Suffolk Street, opened by Duke of Devonshire, K.G.
1896 - Rover Cycle Company made a limited company.
18th March - First public trial of "horseless carriage" or motor car at Cannon Hill Park.
20th May - First Lord Mayor of Birmingham - Councillor James Smith.
August - Confetti first introduced into England - Moseley Botanical Gardens.
1st August - Last original houses in the Old Square demolished.
17th November - Davenport's Brewery incorporated as a limited company.
26th November - King Edward V1 new High School for Girls opened on site of 'Hen & Chickens Hotel, New Street.
1897 -Aston Villa F.C. Move to Villa Park.
Webley & Scott Revolver & Arms Company founded.
22nd June - Diamond Jubilee Day - grand historic procession with William, Fitz Anscult (Lord of Birmingham in Domesday).
7th July - General Hospital opened by Princess Christian, accompanied by Princess Victoria.
6th October - Dedication of new west window in St.Philip's Church in memory of Bishop Bowlby - designed by Burne-Jones.
27th October - New Birmingham Meat Market with hanging room for 3000 sides of beef.
November - National Telephone Company Headquarters opened, 19 Newhall Street.
1st December - Christ Church, Colmore Row, closed and sold to Cregoe-Colmore Family trustees.
1898 - Birmingham Union of Girls Clubs founded by Dame Elizabeth Cadbury. Later - Birmingham Association of Girls & Mixed Clubs, then becoming Birmingham Association of Youth Clubs, (BAYC).
26th September - Escape of lion from Wombwell's menagerie at Onion Fair, near Aston Brook. At large for 36 hours.
1899 - 13th June Cadbury Brothers formed as a public limited company.
9th October - Tower of Varieties & Circus' opened by Councillor Marsh. Became the 'Tivoli' (20th August 1900) then the 'Hippodrome'
1900 -24th March - Royal Charter founding the University of Birmingham.
14th December - Bourneville Village Trust founded by George Cadbury.
1901 - 10th January - Marble statue of Queen Victoria unveiled in New Street. (Now Victoria Square).
27th May - Lyceum Theatre, John Bright Street opened. (Later The 'Alexandra Theatre').
1902 - First Test Match at Edgbaston ground: England vs Australia.
GKN formed with amalgamation of Nettlefolds and Guest & Co. South Wales. Guest company had already amalgamated with Dowlais Iron Co. of South Wales, and Patent Nut & Bolt Co. of Smethwick.
Stewarts & Lloyds Tube conglomerate formed.
8th February - Brinsley Bequest implemented, i.e. City of Birmingham made Trustees of the estate.
April - Metropolitan Amalgamated Railway Carriage & Wagon Company Formed.
9th August - To celebrate the Coronation of Edward V11 -Birmingham Council House and Town Hall illuminated; mementoes presented to every child attending public elementary schools.
22nd December - The Lyceum Theatre becomes the Alexandra when taken over by Lester Collingwood.
1903 - 1st June -Buffalo Bills Wild West Show visits Birmingham.
7th June - Alexandra Pearl Standing Bear, daughter of the chief interpreter of the Sioux nation, born in Birmingham. 23rd June - Visit of HRH Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, to lay Foundation stone of Rowton House.
October - Tivoli Theatre changes name to Hippodrome.
1904 - 4th January - Birmingham Corporation Tramways commence tramway at Aston Road North.
21st July - Elan Valley water supply opened by King Edward V11 & Queen Alexandra. November -Birmingham & Midland Motor Omnibus Company (Midland Red) formed.
1905 - Moneyhull Estate purchased by Birmingham, Aston & Kings Norton Joint Committee. Brittanic Assurance Company formed. (Previously, British Workmen's Mutual Assurance Company).
13th January - Diocese of Birmingham founded.
November - Longbridge factory set up by Herbert Austin.
1906 - Birmingham City Football Club move to St.Andrews ground.
14th May - Visit of His Imperial Highness, Duke Tsai Tse and members of the Chinese Special Commission to the Metropolitan Amalgamated Railway Carriage & Wagon Company.
30th September - Last horse-drawn tram (in Nechells).
31st December - All steam trams withdrawn overnight and replaced by electric cars.
1907 - 26 October - 'Sod Cutting Ceremony' Moor Pool Estate'- Harborne's historic Moor Pool Estate was the first of its kind here and inspired by John Nettlefold the First Chairman of Birmingham's Town Planning Committee. The first sod was cut by Margaret Nettlefold on 26th October 1907 and the Estate completed in 1912.
1908 - Moneyhull home for epileptics and feeble-minded opened.
4th March - Hamstead Colliery disaster.
19th December - First Roller Skating Rink in Birmingham opened in Monument Road.
1909 - July - Moor Street Station (temporary building) opened. (Permanent building 1914).
7th July - Main University of Birmingham buildings opened by King Edward V11 and Queen Alexandra.
16th August - City boundary extension to include Quinton.
1910 - 30th July - Electric Theatre, Station Street, first cinema in Birmingham opened.
1911 - Golden Lion public house taken down, rebuilt in Cannon Hill Park. Warwickshire County Cricket Club win their first County Championship.
22nd June - Town Hall illuminated for Coronation of King George V. July First electric tram in Handsworth.
9th November - Boundary extension under the Greater Birmingham Act, to include Borough of Aston Manor, Erdington U.D, Handsworth U.D, Yardley U.D, and most of Kings Norton and Northfield U.Ds.
1913 -15th February - Birmingham Repertory Theatre, Station Street, opened with a production of "Twelfth Night".23rd April - Visit of HRH Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, to lay foundation stone of Children Hospital, and unveil statue of King Edward V11.
31st May - First Town Planning Scheme in England approved by Ministry, Quinton, Harborne & Edgbaston.
19th July - Birmingham Corporation Tramways commence first motor omnibus service - from Selly Oak to Rednal.
1914 - Birmingham Citizens Committee set up. Moor Street Station opened, replacing temporary structure erected 1909. 2nd July - Death of Joseph Chamberlain. Buried in Key Hill Cemetery 6th July.
August - HMS Birmingham sinks first German U-boat in the war.
1916 - 29th September - Municipal Bank (Birmingham Corporation Savings Bank) in basement of Water Hall.
1917 - Fort Dunlop established.
1918 - First Labour Member of Parliament for Birmingham - Eldred Hallas elected.
1919 - City of Birmingham Orchestra founded. Lickey Hills donated to city by Cadbury family. Tube Investments registered as a public company.
15th August - Birmingham Municipal Bank established on a permanent basis by the Birmingham Corporation Bill. (Previously Birmingham Corporation Savings Bank).
1920 First traffic islands erected temporarily. (1,150 by March 1935).
5th September - First City of Birmingham Orchestra concert, at Theatre Royal. Appleby Matthews conducting.
10th November - First City of Birmingham Symphony concert at the Town Hall.
1924 - First covered top deck bus used.
H.P. Sauce becomes a public company.
1925 - British Industries Fair at Castle Bromwich.
4th July - Hall of Memory opened by Prince Arthur of Connaught.
5th November - Formation of Birmingham COPEC House Improvement Society
1926 - Imperial Chemical Industries formed. (Mostly non-Birmingham firms except ICI Metals, formerly Kynochs).
1927 - First Greyhound Racing Track - Hall Green Stadium.
2nd November - Birmingham end of the Wolverhampton to Birmingham Road opened by Edward, Prince of Wales.
1928- Birmingham Federation of Boys Clubs formed.
1st April - Boundary extension to include part of Perry Barr U.D.
December 'Sons of Rest' movement begun in Handsworth Park.
1929 - Hams Hall Power Station opened.
1930 - Birmingham Film Society set up. First Empire Shop. Blood Transfusion Service inaugurated. First "Odeon" cinema opened at Perry Barr by Oscas Deutsche.
April - Birmingham Council for Community Associations set up.
1st April - Functions of Guardians of the Poor are transferred to Birmingham City Council, who take responsibility for the administration of poor relief following Local Government Act of 1929.
1931 - Boundary extension to include part of Solihull Parish and parts of Castle Bromwich and Sheldon Parishes.
June - Tornado in Small Heath area.
1932 - Blakesley Hall acquired by Corporation. Town & Country Planning Act.
1933 - 5th June - One-way traffic system came into operation.
October - Poem 'Birmingham' written by Louis MacNiece.
27th November - New Municipal Bank Headquarters opened by Prince George, Duke of Kent.
1934 - Weoley Castle scheduled as an ancient monument.
Birmingham Airport Committee set up.
1935 - Fire Brigade Headquarters opened by HRH Duke of Kent.
Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister.
Birmingham Corporation Bill.
October - Blakesley Hall opened
1936 - B.S.A. Resume gun manufacturing.
1st August - New Coat of Arms granted.
November - Community Hall, Billesley Farm Estate, opened by City Council. Duddeston & Nechells Redevelopment Scheme.
Recruitment of ARP volunteers.
Second HMS Birmingham completed.
Auxiliary Fire Service set up.
1937 -12th May - Coronation of King George V1 and Queen Elizabeth. Forces march through Victoria Square. September - Paramount Theatre, New Street (Later the Odeon) opened.
1938 - 27th June Foundation stone of new Civic Centre laid by Lord Mayor, Councillor Ernest Canning.
July - Pageant of Birmingham at Aston Park.
Visit by Duke of Duchess of Gloucester.
Celebrations marked the centenary of incorporation of the borough.
26th July - Resolution passed enabling General Purposes & Libraries Committee to advertise for plans for a new library building. Nothing came of this due to the onset of war
1939 - Baskerville House completed.
1st March - Queen Elizabeth Hospital opened by King George V1 & Queen Elizabeth.
20th June - Municipal house erected. Celebrated by opening of a house in Fellmeadow Road, Lea Hall Estate, Yardley by the Lord Mayor, Alderman J.Crump.
1st July - Birmingham Airport opened by HRH Duchess of Kent; Rt Hon. Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister, also present.
1st September - Approximately 75000 Birmingham schoolchildren evacuated.
4th September - Birmingham Food Committee set up.
12th December - National Savings Campaign launched in Birmingham.
1940- May Local Defence Volunteers.
11th June - Civic Guard "Citizens Army" formed.
8th August - First air-raid on Birmingham - on Erdington.
24th October - Marshall & Snellgrove store gutted in air raid.
December - Empire Theatre destroyed by bombs.
11th December - 13 hour air raid over city. King George V1 inspects damage next day
1941 - 'When We Build Again' - Report of Bourneville Village Trust on the need for a Green Belt.
1945 - May VE Day celebrations across city.
7th November - King George V1 and Queen Elizabeth visit city.
1946 - Last Spitfire leaves Castle Bromwich Factory. Number PK 726
Sarehole Mill bequeathed to the city.
November - First Labour controlled Council in Birmingham.
1947 - Midland Cricket Conference set up.
1948 - Birmingham replaces Glasgow as Britain's 'Second City' with a population of 1,096,000.
Birmingham & District Theatre Guild founded.
1950 - February First hole-in-the heart operation in England performed at Birmingham Children's Hospital.
3rd June - First passenger train at Harborne Stations since 1934.
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