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Local Nature Reserves

Hill Hook LNR
Section 21 of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949, gives local authorities the power to acquire, declare and manage nature reserves. Although in the 1949 Act these are referred to as Nature Reserves Managed by Local Authorities they have by common usage become known as Local Nature Reserves (LNRs).

Birmingham currently has five LNRs and one proposed LNR, which are identified in the Birmingham Plan (Birmingham City Council, 2000). These are:

  • Moseley Bog declared 17 July 1991
  • Bromwich Wood declared 20 Sept 1991
  • Plantsbrook declared 20 March 1991
  • Rubery Cutting declared 1991
  • Hillhook declared 31 January 2003
  • Merecroft Pool pLNR



The total area covered by LNRs in Birmingham

Site

Area (ha)

Moseley Bog LNR

11.20

Plantsbrook LNR

10.72

Bromwich Wood LNR

3.56

Rubery Cutting LNR

0.61

Hill Hook LNR

5.65

Total

31.74

Merecroft Pool pLNR

2.92(*)

Total

34.66 (+*)

Area of Local Nature Reserves in hectares within Birmingham. (Information supplied by EcoRecord). (*Final area declared likely to be nearer 10h)

The responsibility for selecting, declaring and managing LNRs belongs to individual local authorities. However English Nature must be consulted by local authorities in their use of the powers given by section 21 of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act.

English Nature recommends that LNRs should be:
  • normally greater than 2ha in size
  • capable of being managed with the conservation of nature and/or the maintenance of special opportunities for study, research or enjoyment of nature as the priority concern.


  • and one or more of the following:

  • of high natural interest in the local context
  • of some reasonable natural interest and of high value in the local context for formal education or research
  • of some reasonable natural interest and of high value in the local context for the informal enjoyment of nature by the public.