This page is known as www.birmingham.gov.uk/school-exclusions
The decision to exclude a pupil is made in response to serious breaches of a school behaviour policy and where allowing the pupil to remain in school would seriously harm the education or welfare of the pupil or others in the school.
Only the Head Teacher or teacher in charge of a pupil referral unit (or, in the absence of the Head Teacher or teacher in charge, the most senior teacher who is acting in that role) has authority to exclude a pupil from school.
The Department for Education (DfE) produces the guidance for the process of exclusion. This guidance confirms that Head Teachers, teachers in charge of pupil referral units, Governing Bodies, Local Authorities, Principals, Academy Trusts, Special Educational Needs Experts and Independent Review Panels must, by law, have regard to the guidance when making and administering decisions on exclusion.
The DfE issued revised guidance about exclusion in January 2015 but this was withdrawn shortly after following a legal challenge and has yet to be reissued. The guidance published in September 2012 therefore remains in force and can be found online at the link below.
Exclusion from maintained schools, academies and pupil referral units in England
(A guide for those with legal responsibilities in relation to exclusion.)
Independent Review Panels have the power to uphold the exclusion, recommend that governors look at the case again or quash the exclusion and direct the governors to reconsider the case with a stipulation that if governors do not reinstate, the school will be subject to a charge of £4,000.